All four precious metals outperform marketsin August
Gold posts best month since January, up nearly 4%
Gold reaches highest price since US election, climbs due to uncertainty and safe haven demand
S&P 500 marginally higher; Euro Stoxx, Nikkei lower for month
Platinum is best performing metal climbing over 5%
Palladium climbs over 4% thanks to seven year supply squeeze
Fear, uncertainty and political sanctions are amongst biggest drivers for precious metals
Never been a better time to diversify and rebalance portfolios with stocks and bonds near record highs and looking vulnerable
Editor: Mark O’Byrne
Market Performance in August (Finviz.com)
All four precious metals have made gains in the month of August.
Whilst platinum and palladium’s leading performances can largely be attributed to industrial factors they have also benefited from the safe haven demand whichis driving gold and silver prices.
Safe haven demand really came into its own this last month. Issues with North Korea have stepped up a level whilst markets have finally begun to questionthe complacency they have been feeling in regard to the US political and financial situation, geopolitical risk and the increasingly uncertain outlook for the global economy.
Ultimately very little is known about what will happen with the US debt ceiling, increasingly overvalued stocks (both the NASDAQ and the S&P500), Trump’s plans for corporate tax, dealings with North Korea and (not forgetting) Venezuela.
We are living in very uncertain times indeedand investors decided to allocate funds to the ultimate safe havens the precious metals.
Gold shines as investors rush into safe havens
This week gold rose to its highest point so far in 2017as tensions between North Korea (but really, the rest of the world)and the US ramped up. For the month of August the price is up 3.59%.
Silver was also up thanks to safe haven demand, but its 5% climb was also in part due to manufacturing demand. Currently, about 55% of all silver consumed is for industrial use.
Gold has so far risen in every month, bar June.
Gold’s climb has in part been due to ongoing demand from countries such as China and India, but it has primarily been driven by the desire in the West to own a safe haven.This is not surprising given the ongoing concerns regarding North Korea, Venezuela, the Middle East and a lack of cohesion in the Trump administration.
One of the dampeners on gold and silver has been the Federal Reserve’s plans to raise interest rates. However, when they did so it had little effect. Expectations for further hikes are falling. Going forward Yellen and teamare expected to slow down onfurther interest-rate increases which has provided an additional boost for the gold price.
In the very short-term storm Harvey in Houston, Texas has also impacted the price of gold and silver. As a result of lost income and recovery operations, US GDP is expected to be lower in the third-quarter than was initially expected.
In the long-term investors will look to gold and silver as they begin to price risk into the market. Yesterday we expressed our concerns over market complacency whilst other financial organisations havebegun to warn clients about the overpriced equity markets and lack of perceived risk.
It is also worth noting an expected climb in demand from China.Mark Tinker, Head of AXA Framlingtonwrote in a note that China’s pricing of assets in yuan (together withthe plan by the Hong Kong Stock Exchange to sell yuan-priced physical gold contracts) couldallow them to trade out of the banking system in the US
Having accepted payment for oil or gas in RMB, the seller, be it Russia or Saudi Arabia or anyone else for that matter, does not have to worry about having excess RMB, they can simply trade it back into gold, Tinker said. We are moving to a multi-polar world.
Platinum gains as Russia feels the pain
Platinum has performed very well so far in the second half of the year. This most recent surge has likely come about thanks to further sanctions being placed on Russia by the US. Russia is the world’s second biggest producer of the metal.
TheWorld Platinum Investment Counciloutlined the following arguments for platinum’s role as a safe haven investment asset:
Supply demand fundamentals are strong and ETF holdings are stable, despite price volatility
Risks of supply declines are underestimated cost pressure and falling mining investment continue Downside risks to platinum automotive demand are overestimated
Futures positioning follows poor sentiment with high correlation to price
Platinum is undervalued against its past, its production cost and against gold
Palladium climbs on Vauxhall’s woes
Palladium is currently at a 16 year high. There is a major tightening in the supply of palladium because of increased demand for it in engines. 67% of palladium supply is usedin car engines to clean exhaust gases from gasoline engines. There is obviously a major push for ‘clean’ transport and the Vauxhall emissions scandal and obviously helped boost demand.
Inventories of palladium supply are down by abut 45% this year, whilst supply trails demand by the most in the seven years.
Despite the increase in supply, there has been a significant number of redemptions in the the two main U.S. and European palladium ETFs the ETFS Physical Palladium Shares and the ZKB Palladium. By the 22nd August $49 million had been traded in. Supply in the spot market is reportedly so tight that companies are being forced to trade in multiple ETF shares in order toredeem them with the issuer in exchange forphysical palladium.
ETFs are now being treated like palladium warehouses.
It is also important to note that, like platinum, palladium is also hugely affected by the sanctions on Russia.
It is also important to note thatETFs are a risky way to investin precious metals and most investors would be better served owning actual precious metals rather than paper or digital proxies.
Conclusion: Stars aligning? Outlook good for rest of 2017
Earlier this week we explained how investors shouldn’t always be focused on price. Whilst it is nice to look at the metrics for August and see that all precious metals are up, we should instead focus on why they are up and most importantly the diversification benefits for our portfolios.
Precious metals are largely climbing because the perceived risk in the political and financial system is also climbing. Interestingly many commentators do not feel some risky issues have been wholly appreciated by the markets.
Problems such as North Korea are such seriousrisks that even someone who pays no attention to markets could spot it. The issue is that you have an overvalued stock market and a US President who cannot get his people together. This means that the US debt ceiling issue might ground the U.S. government to a halt.
These issues are ones which have not yet been fully priced into the markets. They likely will be in the coming months and then the safe haven role of the precious metals and gold in particular will come into its own.
Gold Prices (LBMA AM)
01 Sep: USD 1,318.40, GBP 1,020.18 & EUR 1,107.98 per ounce
31 Aug: USD 1,305.80, GBP 1,013.17 & EUR 1,098.31 per ounce
30 Aug: USD 1,310.60, GBP 1,014.93 & EUR 1,096.71 per ounce
29 Aug: USD 1,323.40, GBP 1,020.34 & EUR 1,097.36 per ounce
25 Aug: USD 1,287.05, GBP 1,003.90 & EUR 1,090.90 per ounce
24 Aug: USD 1,285.90, GBP 1,003.26 & EUR 1,090.44 per ounce
23 Aug: USD 1,286.45, GBP 1,004.33 & EUR 1,091.68 per ounce
Silver Prices (LBMA)
01 Sep: USD 17.50, GBP 13.53 & EUR 14.69 per ounce
31 Aug: USD 17.34, GBP 13.47 & EUR 14.62 per ounce
30 Aug: USD 17.44, GBP 13.49 & EUR 14.60 per ounce
29 Aug: USD 17.60, GBP 13.59 & EUR 14.62 per ounce
25 Aug: USD 17.02, GBP 13.26 & EUR 14.40 per ounce
24 Aug: USD 16.93, GBP 13.20 & EUR 14.36 per ounce
23 Aug: USD 17.06, GBP 13.32 & EUR 14.48 per ounce
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